Wrox Home  
Search
Malware Analyst's Cookbook and DVD: Tools and Techniques for Fighting Malicious Code (1118003365) cover image

Malware Analyst's Cookbook and DVD: Tools and Techniques for Fighting Malicious Code

Michael Ligh, Steven Adair, Blake Hartstein, Matthew Richard
ISBN: 978-1-118-00336-7
E-book
744 pages
September 2010
Electronic Version: US $38.99 Purchase This E-book

About This Title  |  Errata
Table of Contents

Introduction xv

On The Book’s DVD xxiii

1 Anonymizing Your Activities 1

Recipe 1-1: Anonymous Web Browsing with Tor 3

Recipe 1-2: Wrapping Wget and Network Clients with Torsocks 5

Recipe 1-3: Multi-platform Tor-enabled Downloader in Python 7

Recipe 1-4: Forwarding Traffic through Open Proxies 12

Recipe 1-5: Using SSH Tunnels to Proxy Connections 16

Recipe 1-6: Privacy-enhanced Web browsing with Privoxy 18

Recipe 1-7: Anonymous Surfing with Anonymouse.org 20

Recipe 1-8: Internet Access through Cellular Networks 21

Recipe 1-9: Using VPNs with Anonymizer Universal 23

2 Honeypots 27

Recipe 2-1: Collecting Malware Samples with Nepenthes 29

Recipe 2-2: Real-Time Attack Monitoring with IRC Logging 32

Recipe 2-3: Accepting Nepenthes Submissions over HTTP with Python 34

Recipe 2-4: Collecting Malware Samples with Dionaea 37

Recipe 2-5: Accepting Dionaea Submissions over HTTP with Python 40

Recipe 2-6: Real-time Event Notification and Binary Sharing with XMPP 41

Recipe 2-7: Analyzing and Replaying Attacks Logged by Dionea 43

Recipe 2-8: Passive Identification of Remote Systems with p0f 44

Recipe 2-9: Graphing Dionaea Attack Patterns with SQLite and Gnuplot 46

3 Malware Classification 51

Recipe 3-1: Examining Existing ClamAV Signatures 52

Recipe 3-2: Creating a Custom ClamAV Database 54

Recipe 3-3: Converting ClamAV Signatures to YARA 59

Recipe 3-4: Identifying Packers with YARA and PEiD 61

Recipe 3-5: Detecting Malware Capabilities with YARA 63

Recipe 3-6: File Type Identification and Hashing in Python 68

Recipe 3-7: Writing a Multiple-AV Scanner in Python 70

Recipe 3-8: Detecting Malicious PE Files in Python 75

Recipe 3-9: Finding Similar Malware with ssdeep 79

Recipe 3-10: Detecting Self-modifying Code with ssdeep 82

Recipe 3-11: Comparing Binaries with IDA and BinDiff 83

4 Sandboxes and Multi-AV Scanners 89

Recipe 4-1: Scanning Files with VirusTotal 90

Recipe 4-2: Scanning Files with Jotti 92

Recipe 4-3: Scanning Files with NoVirusThanks 93

Recipe 4-4: Database-Enabled Multi-AV Uploader in Python 96

Recipe 4-5: Analyzing Malware with ThreatExpert 100

Recipe 4-6: Analyzing Malware with CWSandbox 102

Recipe 4-7: Analyzing Malware with Anubis 104

Recipe 4-8: Writing AutoIT Scripts for Joebox 105

Recipe 4-9: Defeating Path-dependent Malware with Joebox 107

Recipe 4-10: Defeating Process-dependent DLLs with Joebox 109

Recipe 4-11: Setting an Active HTTP Proxy with Joebox 111

Recipe 4-12: Scanning for Artifacts with Sandbox Results 112

5 Researching Domains and IP Addresses 119

Recipe 5-1: Researching Domains with WHOIS 120

Recipe 5-2: Resolving DNS Hostnames 125

Recipe 5-3: Obtaining IP WHOIS Records 129

Recipe 5-4: Querying Passive DNS with BFK 132

Recipe 5-5: Checking DNS Records with Robtex 133

Recipe 5-6: Performing a Reverse IP Search with DomainTools 134

Recipe 5-7: Initiating Zone Transfers with dig 135

Recipe 5-8: Brute-forcing Subdomains with dnsmap 137

Recipe 5-9: Mapping IP Addresses to ASNs via Shadowserver 138

Recipe 5-10: Checking IP Reputation with RBLs 140

Recipe 5-11: Detecting Fast Flux with Passive DNS and TTLs 143

Recipe 5-12: Tracking Fast Flux Domains 146

Recipe 5-13: Static Maps with Maxmind, matplotlib, and pygeoip 148

Recipe 5-14: Interactive Maps with Google Charts API 152

6 Documents, Shellcode, and URLs 155

Recipe 6-1: Analyzing JavaScript with Spidermonkey 156

Recipe 6-2: Automatically Decoding JavaScript with Jsunpack 159

Recipe 6-3: Optimizing Jsunpack-n Decodings for Speed and Completeness 162

Recipe 6-4: Triggering exploits by Emulating Browser DOM Elements 163

Recipe 6-5: Extracting JavaScript from PDF Files with pdfpy 168

Recipe 6-6: Triggering Exploits by Faking PDF Software Versions 172

Recipe 6-7: Leveraging Didier Stevens’s PDF Tools 175

Recipe 6-8: Determining which Vulnerabilities a PDF File Exploits 178

Recipe 6-9: Disassembling Shellcode with DiStorm 185

Recipe 6-10: Emulating Shellcode with Libemu 190

Recipe 6-11: Analyzing Microsoft Office Files with OfficeMalScanner 193

Recipe 6-12: Debugging Office Shellcode with DisView and MalHost-setup 200

Recipe 6-13: Extracting HTTP Files from Packet Captures with Jsunpack 204

Recipe 6-14: Graphing URL Relationships with Jsunpack 206

7 Malware Labs 211

Recipe 7-1: Routing TCP/IP Connections in Your Lab 215

Recipe 7-2: Capturing and Analyzing Network Traffic 217

Recipe 7-3: Simulating the Internet with INetSim 221

Recipe 7-4: Manipulating HTTP/HTTPS with Burp Suite 225

Recipe 7-5: Using Joe Stewart’s Truman 228

Recipe 7-6: Preserving Physical Systems with Deep Freeze 229

Recipe 7-7: Cloning and Imaging Disks with FOG 232

Recipe 7-8: Automating FOG Tasks with the MySQL Database 236

8 Automation 239

Recipe 8-1: Automated Malware Analysis with VirtualBox 242

Recipe 8-2: Working with VirtualBox Disk and Memory Images 248

Recipe 8-3: Automated Malware Analysis with VMware 250

Recipe 8-4: Capturing Packets with TShark via Python 254

Recipe 8-5: Collecting Network Logs with INetSim via Python 256

Recipe 8-6: Analyzing Memory Dumps with Volatility 258

Recipe 8-7: Putting all the Sandbox Pieces Together 260

Recipe 8-8: Automated Analysis with ZeroWine and QEMU 271

Recipe 8-9: Automated Analysis with Sandboxie and Buster 276

9 Dynamic Analysis 283

Recipe 9-1: Logging API calls with Process Monitor 286

Recipe 9-2: Change Detection with Regshot 288

Recipe 9-3: Receiving File System Change Notifications 290

Recipe 9-4: Receiving Registry Change Notifications 294

Recipe 9-5: Handle Table Diffing 295

Recipe 9-6: Exploring Code Injection with HandleDiff 300

Recipe 9-7: Watching BankpatchC Disable Windows File Protection 301

Recipe 9-8: Building an API Monitor with Microsoft Detours 304

Recipe 9-9: Following Child Processes with Your API Monitor 311

Recipe 9-10: Capturing Process, Thread, and Image Load Events 314

Recipe 9-11: Preventing Processes from Terminating 321

Recipe 9-12: Preventing Malware from Deleting Files 324

Recipe 9-13: Preventing Drivers from Loading 325

Recipe 9-14: Using the Data Preservation Module 327

Recipe 9-15: Creating a Custom Command Shell with ReactOS 330

10 Malware Forensics 337

Recipe 10-1: Discovering Alternate Data Streams with TSK 337

Recipe 10-2: Detecting Hidden Files and Directories with TSK 341

Recipe 10-3: Finding Hidden Registry Data with Microsoft’s Offline API 349

Recipe 10-4: Bypassing Poison Ivy’s Locked Files 355

Recipe 10-5: Bypassing Conficker’s File System ACL Restrictions 359

Recipe 10-6: Scanning for Rootkits with GMER 363

Recipe 10-7: Detecting HTML Injection by Inspecting IE’s DOM 367

Recipe 10-8: Registry Forensics with RegRipper Plug-ins 377

Recipe 10-9: Detecting Rogue-Installed PKI Certificates 384

Recipe 10-10: Examining Malware that Leaks Data into the Registry 388

11 Debugging Malware 395

Recipe 11-1: Opening and Attaching to Processes 396

Recipe 11-2: Configuring a JIT Debugger for Shellcode Analysis 398

Recipe 11-3: Getting Familiar with the Debugger GUI 400

Recipe 11-4: Exploring Process Memory and Resources 407

Recipe 11-5: Controlling Program Execution 410

Recipe 11-6: Setting and Catching Breakpoints 412

Recipe 11-7: Using Conditional Log Breakpoints 415

Recipe 11-8: Debugging with Python Scripts and PyCommands 418

Recipe 11-9: Detecting Shellcode in Binary Files 421

Recipe 11-10: Investigating Silentbanker’s API Hooks 426

Recipe 11-11: Manipulating Process Memory with WinAppDbg Tools 431

Recipe 11-12: Designing a Python API Monitor with WinAppDbg 433

12 De-Obfuscation 441

Recipe 12-1: Reversing XOR Algorithms in Python 441

Recipe 12-2: Detecting XOR Encoded Data with yaratize 446

Recipe 12-3: Decoding Base64 with Special Alphabets 448

Recipe 12-4: Isolating Encrypted Data in Packet Captures 452

Recipe 12-5: Finding Crypto with SnD Reverser Tool, FindCrypt, and Kanal 454

Recipe 12-6: Porting OpenSSL Symbols with Zynamics BinDiff 456

Recipe 12-7: Decrypting Data in Python with PyCrypto 458

Recipe 12-8: Finding OEP in Packed Malware 461

Recipe 12-9: Dumping Process Memory with LordPE 465

Recipe 12-10: Rebuilding Import Tables with ImpREC 467

Recipe 12-11: Cracking Domain Generation Algorithms 476

Recipe 12-12: Decoding Strings with x86emu and Python 481

13 Working with DLLs 487

Recipe 13-1: Enumerating DLL Exports 488

Recipe 13-2: Executing DLLs with rundll32exe 491

Recipe 13-3: Bypassing Host Process Restrictions 493

Recipe 13-4: Calling DLL Exports Remotely with rundll32ex 495

Recipe 13-5: Debugging DLLs with LOADDLLEXE 499

Recipe 13-6: Catching Breakpoints on DLL Entry Points 501

Recipe 13-7: Executing DLLs as a Windows Service 502

Recipe 13-8: Converting DLLs to Standalone Executables 507

14 Kernel Debugging 511

Recipe 14-1: Local Debugging with LiveKd 513

Recipe 14-2: Enabling the Kernel’s Debug Boot Switch 514

Recipe 14-3: Debug a VMware Workstation Guest (on Windows) 517

Recipe 14-4: Debug a Parallels Guest (on Mac OS X) 519

Recipe 14-5: Introduction to WinDbg Commands And Controls 521

Recipe 14-6: Exploring Processes and Process Contexts 528

Recipe 14-7: Exploring Kernel Memory 534

Recipe 14-8: Catching Breakpoints on Driver Load 540

Recipe 14-9: Unpacking Drivers to OEP 548

Recipe 14-10: Dumping and Rebuilding Drivers 555

Recipe 14-11: Detecting Rootkits with WinDbg Scripts 561

Recipe 14-12: Kernel Debugging with IDA Pro 566

15 Memory Forensics with Volatility 571

Recipe 15-1: Dumping Memory with MoonSols Windows Memory Toolkit 572

Recipe 15-2: Remote, Read-only Memory Acquisition with F-Response 575

Recipe 15-3: Accessing Virtual Machine Memory Files 576

Recipe 15-4: Volatility in a Nutshell 578

Recipe 15-5: Investigating processes in Memory Dumps 581

Recipe 15-6: Detecting DKOM Attacks with psscan 588

Recipe 15-7: Exploring csrssexe’s Alternate Process Listings 591

Recipe 15-8: Recognizing Process Context Tricks 593

16 Memory Forensics: Code Injection and Extraction 601

Recipe 16-1: Hunting Suspicious Loaded DLLs 603

Recipe 16-2: Detecting Unlinked DLLs with ldr_modules 605

Recipe 16-3: Exploring Virtual Address Descriptors (VAD) 610

Recipe 16-4: Translating Page Protections 614

Recipe 16-5: Finding Artifacts in Process Memory 617

Recipe 16-6: Identifying Injected Code with Malfind and YARA 619

Recipe 16-7: Rebuilding Executable Images from Memory 627

Recipe 16-8: Scanning for Imported Functions with impscan 629

Recipe 16-9: Dumping Suspicious Kernel Modules 633

17 Memory Forensics: Rootkits 637

Recipe 17-1: Detecting IAT Hooks 637

Recipe 17-2: Detecting EAT Hooks 639

Recipe 17-3: Detecting Inline API Hooks 641

Recipe 17-4: Detecting Interrupt Descriptor Table (IDT) Hooks 644

Recipe 17-5: Detecting Driver IRP Hooks 646

Recipe 17-6: Detecting SSDT Hooks 650

Recipe 17-7: Automating Damn Near Everything with ssdt_ex 654

Recipe 17-8: Finding Rootkits with Detached Kernel Threads 655

Recipe 17-9: Identifying System-Wide Notification Routines 658

Recipe 17-10: Locating Rogue Service Processes with svcscan 661

Recipe 17-11: Scanning for Mutex Objects with mutantscan 669

18 Memory Forensics: Network and Registry 673

Recipe 18-1: Exploring Socket and Connection Objects 673

Recipe 18-2: Analyzing Network Artifacts Left by Zeus 678

Recipe 18-3: Detecting Attempts to Hide TCP/IP Activity 680

Recipe 18-4: Detecting Raw Sockets and Promiscuous NICs 682

Recipe 18-5: Analyzing Registry Artifacts with Memory Registry Tools 685

Recipe 18-6: Sorting Keys by Last Written Timestamp 689

Recipe 18-7: Using Volatility with RegRipper 692

Index 695

Printer-Ready Version   Share This
With you wherever you go: pdf + ePub + kindle -- DRM-free